Contraceptive use and fertility charecteristics: changes within 15 years

Contraceptive use and fertility charecteristics: changes within 15 years 

S. Ozalp, H. Hassa, H.M. Tanir, T. Oge 

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,

University of Osmangazi, Eskisehir, Turkey 

Introduction: To assess and comment

on the differences in contraceptive use and fertility characteristics of women

within 15 years, in a university hospital. 

Aims and Methods: Place of birth, the

last contraceptive method use, number of pregnancies, children and abortions

were retrospectively evaluated among women over 50 and compared between years

period of 1982–1987 (group I) and 1997–2002 (group II). Data were analyzed

by Student’s t test and chi square test. 

Results: Use of any contraceptive

method, intrauterine device, oral contraceptive were higher in group II, p

values p<0.05, p<0.001, p<0.001 respectively. Coitus interruptus was the most preferred contraceptive method for both groups and no significant difference was relevant in terms of its frequency used (p>0.05). Number of

pregnencies (p<0.001), number of children (p<0.001) were lower and number of abortion (p<0.001) were higher in group II. 

Conclusions: As expected, use

of contraceptive method and use of modern contraceptive method were increased as

time passes. Unexpectedly, coitus interruptus was the mostly preferred

contraceptive method for both time periods. For the recent years, number of

pregnancies and living children decreased and number of abortions increased. To

conclude, there can be changes in contraceptive use fertility trends within


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