Differential genomic and proteomic profiles of synthetics
progestins in the breast
S Mirkin, DF Archer
CONRAD, The Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine,
Norfolk, Virginia, United States
Objective The molecular mechanisms of gene regulation in
the breast by progestins used in contraception are poorly characterized. Some
data suggest that progestins play a significant role in the growth of breast
tumors. Our objectives are to investigate gene and protein expression profiles
using different progestins in the T47-D breast cancer cell line.
Design T47-D cells were treated with medroxyprogesterone
(MPA), levonorgestrel (LNG) and norethindrone (NET). For genomic analysis, RNA
was extracted. cDNA arrays were produced containing 2000 sequence of clones
spotted. Labeled cRNA were hybridized to the array and the signal quantified.
For proteomics analysis, Surface-Enhanced Laser Desorption Ionization (SELDI)
was used. Cells were lysed and protein lysates were loaded robotically on IMAC
chip. Each protein peak was labeled and its intensity normalized for total ion
Results All progestins modified approximately the same
number of genes (15% of the array ) + 2 fold. MPA upregulated more genes related
with breast cancer growth (Stat5a, GAS and HOXA 10) than the other compounds.
Angiogenic genes were upregulated with MPA (VEGF 11 fold, TNF 9 fold). BCL2 was
down regulated by MPA, but not with NET or LNG. SELDI spectra reveled a
different proteomic fingerprint with each of the 3 compounds investigated.
Conclusion Genomic and proteomic analyses identified a
differential gene and protein expression profile between MPA, NET and LNG in the
T47-D cells. MPA upregulated more genes related with breast cancer growth and
angiogenesis than the other two progestins. SELDI reveled a differential effect
at protein level of these 3 synthetics progestins confirming genomic findings.
Based on these data we suggest that synthetic progestins may have a differential
effect on breast cancer tumor growth.