Perception of the menstruation among university students

Perception of the menstruation among university students

A. Kul

Uludag, O. Yilmaz, I. Unluoglu, S. Ozalp

Eskisehir Osmangazi University School of

Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Eskisehir, Turkey,  and Eskisehir Osmangazi

University School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,

Eskisehir, Turkey

Objective The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge

of university students about menstruation, especially of male students and to

know whether there is any social factor affecting male students’ levels of


Design and methods A special questionnaire was designed for the

students of Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Education, Faculty of Pharmacy,

Faculty of Engineering and the Medical Services Vocational School in an aim to

specify menstruation-related questions such as: what the menstruation is, what

the menstruation reminds of, what physical and psychological changes they

notice during menstruation, in whom they notice these changes, whether there is

any effected daily activity they observed, the information origin of their

knowledge about sexuality, whether they were taking any lessons about

reproductive health and if so, whether it was enough or not or which sexual

education (SE) topics they would like to be educated.

Results Two-hundred

participants aged 17 to 28 years were enrolled into the present study, of whom

97 (48.5%) were female and 103 (51.5 %) were male. Eighty-nine (44.9%) women and

98 men (48.5%) described the menstruation as a cyclic interval lasting from the

first day of a menstrual flow to the beginning of the next one (p>0.05).

Ninety-six (48.2%) women and 92 (46.2%) men stated that it was a cyclic change

important for all women (p>0.05) Eighty-three (42.1%) women and 63 (32%) men

described it as a period during which women are sensitive and need more

understanding than other ordinary days (p<0,05). Seventy participants declared that the menstrual cycle clearly affects daily women's activities. There was no statistically significant difference observed between the participants who had the sexual education from any source and who had not (p>0,05).

Conclusions Given the results of this study, the physiologic

process of menstruation was regarded by both male and female students as an

important period that can affect women socially and as well as psychologically.

Obviously, every effort should be made to educate students about their sexual

health as to help them cope with their reproductive life including menstruation.

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