Reasons for not applying safe contraceptive methods in women using withdrawal method in Amol city, 2003

Reasons for not applying safe contraceptive methods in women

using withdrawal method in Amol city, 2003

M. Tofighi1, S. Amiraliacbary2

1Azad University, Sarymazandaran, Iran, 2Shaheed Beheshti,

Tehran, Iran

Background and purpose Withdrawal method is one of the most common contraceptive ways

(23%) nationwide. With regard to its relatively high failure rate (4-23%) with

unwanted pregnancies as well as resulted complications, this descriptive study

was conducted to find out the reasons for not applying safe contraceptive


Material and methods Subject population consisted of 379 married

women between 15 and 45 living in Amol city and using withdrawal method. The

subjects were selected through different stages with final randomization Data

were collected by a questionnaire in which personal, social, and obstetrical

history, and reasons for using withdrawal method as well as for not applying

other methods were documented. The validity and reliability of the tool were

determined by content Validity and test-re test method respectively. Pearson

coefficient of correlation as well as t- test and ANOVA were used for

quantitative and qualitative variables respectively.

Results Finding showed

that the mean age of subjects was between 28.1 + 6.4, who had used withdrawal

method at least for 3 months. Mean duration in using withdrawal method was 53.6 +

6.6 months. Health care workers were considered the most frequent source of

information (26.6%) and the main reasons for not applying safe contraceptive

methods included fear of side effects (28.2%), husband opposition (28.2%),

contraindication (9%) lactation (8.7%), 1and indifference to conception (7.7%). The most common reasons for applying withdrawal method were husband preference

(25.1%), having few complications (20.3%), its availability (19.5%) and being

safer than other methods (12.7%).

Conclusion It can be concluded that much more

effort should be made to devise and perform family planning programs correctly,

and training health care workers continuously and finally educating people

either by mass media or by professionals should be emphasized to encourage

applying safe contraceptive methods.

KEY WORDS Family planning methods, Safe

contraceptive methods, Traditional methods, Withdrawal method, Unwanted


Scroll to Top