Sexual behaviours of young adults from Upper Silesian Region


Sexual behaviours of young adults from Upper Silesian Region

Skrzypulec V, Drosdzol A, Nowosielski K

Woman’s Health Chair. The Medical University of Silesia in

Katowice, Poland

According to WHO, contraception is defined as a conscious action

in order to prevent an unwanted pregnancy and equally, to enable human to take

independent decision of having progeny. The development of science enables to

create more and more effective methods of family planning and prevention of

sexually transmitted diseases. Effectiveness, safety as well as individual

preferences are the main elements in evaluation of contraception methods.

Objectives: The aim of the study is to evaluate sexual

behaviors and activity, awareness and propagation of contraceptives among young

adults in Upper Silesian Region, and to establish the correlations between

contraceptive methods used, the knowledge about family planning, prevention of

sexually transmitted diseases, sexual behaviors and age, gender, education and


Design and methods: A group of 360 pupils, students and

working adults were included in the study. Age between 18 and 26 was a criterion

for qualification to the investigated group. The research tool was an

individually prepared “Sexual Behaviours Questionnaire” containing 26

questions. Statistica 6,0 computer software with multiple regression model, ch2

and F Fisher-Snedecor tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The results were obtained on the basis of

questionnaire analysis. General population was divided into 3 subgroups,

relating to the age. 75,8 % of young adults have initiated sexual life. The

average initiation age for the general population was 18,4 (±1,92); the

earliest time of initiation was observed at the age of 14 (0,8%), the latest –

at the age of 24 (24%). 2,5% of sexual active respondents did not use any of

contraceptives (they were all below the age of 20). A contraceptive method used

the most frequently was a male condom (60,8%); the least – emergency

contraception – (4,2%).

Conclusions: The present study established that an

average age of sexual initiation was attenuated by the age of respondents and

their higher education. The media were the general education resource. Therefore,

it seems to be essential that young people should be provided with appropriate

and complete information about sexual behaviors before their first sexual


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