Prejudices about contraception as a factor of its insufficient use


Prejudices about contraception as a factor of its

insufficient use

A. Bjelica, A. Kapamadzija.

Clinical Center Novi Sad, Department of Gynecology and

Obstetrics, Novi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro.

Objectives: The study was carried out with the aim of

identifying most common prejudices and false beliefs related to contraceptive

means and contraception in general and their relation to the level of using

contraception in female students population. Besides, most important sources and

ways of obtaining information about contraception were also considered.

Design & Methods: The study encompassed 741 girls,

students of the second and third grades of the University of Novi Sad, who

completed a questionnaire specially designed for this study. Data were expressed

in relative numbers and presented in the form of graphs and tables. Statistical

method of multivariate discriminant analysis was also employed.

Results: 51.2% of the girls used contraception regularly,

that is all their sexual intercourses were protected from undesired pregnancy,

32.5% of them used contraception irregularly – depending on the situation and

partner, 3.9% girls used it very seldom, whereas 12.4% used it only when the

partner insisted or did not use contraception at all. The most common prejudices

that influence the level of using contraception are: “I don’t want to think

of contraception”, “Contraception is unhealthy and unnatural”, “Use of

condom affects strongly the spontaneity of the intercourse”, “In the

intercourse, the male is the one to think about potential risk of pregnancy”,

“Withdrawal is a quite reliable way of avoiding pregnancy”, “Taking

contraceptive pills can seriously endanger the woman’s health” and “If I

would buy condoms and carry them, a new partner wouldn’t like to have serious

relations with me”. The identified sources of information about contraception

are: parents (12.5%), school teachers (14.2%), university professors (9%),

friends (20.8%), mass media (22.7%), Internet (13.4%), professional literature

(3.5%), gynecologist (3.9%).

Conclusions: The results indicate the necessity of an

organized adequate sexual eduction with the aim of developing appropriate sexual

habits. Sexual education of young generations in Serbia and Montenegro takes

place through biology teaching and through occasionally organized talks about

contraception and sexually transmitted diseases. To a greater extent, young

people obtain information, which are often false, from the peers, through

Internet, TV, newspapers and magazines, which leads to forming and preserving of

numerous prejudices in this area.

Scroll to Top